Rajasthan is the largest state of India, also known as “The Land of Kings”. It is situated in the North-west part of India and is mostly the Desert , The Thar Desert also called “The Great Indian Desert”.The surrounding States are Gujrat, Madhya Pradesh, Utter Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab.The State covers 10.4% of the total Indian Land.
State Capital: the Jaipur city also known as pink city. Rajasthan having a very diverse climatic conditions. In summers, it reaches 49 feels like steaming hot and in winters, at some places, it reaches below freezing temperature. Other thing about Rajasthan is it have one of the oldest mountain range known as Aravali range. Aravali range of Rajasthan also features a beautiful place Maunt Abu also famous for its Dilwada temples.
Total area of the State: 342,269 Sq. Km.
Poverty Rate : 34.4 %
Population : Sixty eight Million
Literacy Rate : 67%
Sex Ratio : 926/1000 males Details
History of Rajasthan – Stories of Maharajas
Rajasthan, which has a very colorful and interesting history, which tells the great stories about Rajasthan’s Maharajas and their ruled time. In 1576, Maharana Pratap of Mewar defeated Mughal Emperor Akbar in the battle of Haldi Ghati. Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya won 22 battles against Afghans. He established “Hindu Raj” in north India. About Rajasthan which has rich heritage, shining sand dunes, exciting desert safaris and varied wild life makes it a very popular tourist destination. History about Rajasthan tells the stories of great legends, their bravery,
romance and adventures. Rajasthan is a part of the great Indus Valley Civilization which is among world’s oldest and first civilization. The provisional capital of this civilization was Kalibangan, which is in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan. It is the birth place of many great people about whom we learn from text books during the school time like Samrat Prithvi Raj Chauhan, Krishna devotee Meera Bai, Rani Padmini, Baba Ramdeo ji, Maha Rana Pratap, Panna Dhai, Goga ji, Rao Shekha ji, Bappa Rawal. The tribes like Rajputs, Charans, Yadavs, Bhils, Bishnois, Jats, Gujars, Meenas ruled over various parts of Rajasthan. Many people from these tribes sacrificed their lives for protecting their culture and land.
Rajasthan divisions :Rajasthan is divided mainly into 7 Divisions and 33 Districts
- Ajmer ( Nagor, Bhilwada, Ajmer and Tonk)
- Jaipur ( Alwar, Sikar, Dausa, jaipur, Jhunjhunu )
- Jodhpur ( Jaselmer, Jodhpur, jalor, Sirohi,Pali, Barmer )
- Bharatpur ( Dholpur, Sawai Madhopur, Karauli, Bharatpu )
- Bikaner ( Hanumangarh, Bikaner, Sri Ganganagar, Churu )
- Udaipur ( Dungarpur, Pratapgarh, Banswara, Udaipur, Rajsamand, Chittorgarh )
Rich Culture of Rajasthan
There is rich culture in Rajasthan which reflects the ancient Indian way of life. Rajasthan is also called as Rangila Rajasthan because it is very famous for its fairs, festivals, Rajasthani cuisines, folk music, colourful costumes and crafts. In Rajasthan there is celebration with every change in season and every harvest. There is a wide range of fairs and festivals which are celebrated in Rajasthan includes camel festival, mewar festival, mahavir ji fair, goga ji fair, pushkar fair, kolayat fair, chandrabhaga fair, kaliteej, gangaur festival, hariyali teez festival, maker sakranti, janmashtami, summer festival. Incredible Rajasthan includes the safaris on camels, horses or open jeeps, spectacular sand dunes, wild life, Aravalis mountain range – which is among India’s oldest mountain range. Cooks of Rajasthan use more milk and butter instead of water, which shows the impact of scarcity of water in the state. Rajasthan is one of the richest states in concern of art and craft. Ghoomar and kalbeliya are the folk dances. Rajasthani dresses are designed in bright colours which includes lehenga and choli with dupatta for females.
Wildlife in Rajasthan
Rajasthan also features two wildlife centuries specially for tigers known as Sariska Tiger Reserve and Ranthambore . Earlier about Rajasthan which was known as Rajputana which was later renamed as Rajasthan on 30 march 1949.The Aravali Range and the Thar desert constitutes the major portion about Rajasthan‘s land. The Bikaner city is the biggest city in the Thar desert. The Desert national Park of Jaiselmer shows the extreme conditions in which an eco-system can operate in a maintained way.
Wildlife Sanctuaries in Rajasthan
- Tal Chappar Sanctuary
- KumbhalGarh Sanctuary
- Darrah Sanctuary
- Ranthambore Tiger Reserve
- Sitamata Sanctuary
- Maunt Abu Sanctuary
- Keoladeo Ghana National park
- Desert National Park
- Sajjangarh Sanctuary
- Sariska Tiger Reserve
Rajasthan connectivity through air : can be reached by air at Jaipur, Udaipur, Jodhpur and Bikaner and have a road network of 8798 Km with connectivity of trains at all major stations.
Industries in Rajasthan
Most of the minerals in India are produced at Rajasthan. About Rajasthan minerals, the major includes Zinc, marble, limestone , lead, gypsum etc.
Gold city of India- Jaiselmer, Pink city of India- Jaipur , City of lakes – Udaipur are the major tourist places of Rajasthan. Rajasthan’s Udaipur city, It is awarded as the most beautiful city of Asia and the top hotels of the world also lies here.
Rajasthan General Knowledge Section
Rajasthan GK :-
- Rajasthan GK: Famous Pilgrimage spots of Rajasthan
- Rajasthan GK: Height of main mountain peaks of Rajasthan
- Rajasthan GK: Rajasthan Eagle eye view – Rajasthan facts.
- Rajasthan GK: Contemporary Events
- General Knowledge: General Science
- General Knowledge: Basic General Knowledge
- General Knowledge: Books and Authors
- General Knowledge: Famous Places in India
- General Knowledge: Sports Cup Trophies
- General Knowledge: Honours and Awards
- General Knowledge: Inventions
- General Knowledge: Technology
- General Knowledge: Famous personalities
- General Knowledge: Sports
- General Knowledge: India
Rajasthan features a wide climatic conditions from arid to semi arid. In summer season, the temperature reaches 49 degrees and in summer, places like Maunt abu reaches below freezing point. The rainfall is also diverse in the state of Rajasthan and varies from 150 mm in dry places to 1000 mm in some places but the average stands at 200-400 mm. July to September are the month when the majority of mansoon time is expected in Rajasthan .
State Tree – Khejari
State Flower – Rohida
State Bird – Godawan or Great Indian Bustard
State Animal – Chinakara (an antelope)
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